The Small Eggar Eriogaster lanestrisis a particularly prized spring moth in Devon. Not only is it an attractive species (see pic below), it is also a scarce moth in the county and a difficult one to see as it flies early in the year.
There are only eight previous records of adult Small Eggars in the Devon Moth Group database this century; sightings of the caterpillars which live in large silken nests on bushes and trees are more common.
This year, amazingly, Small Eggar adults were recorded in two different places in mid-Devon on the same night (31 March) by Group members. Paul Butter recorded one in his moth trap near Okehampton, while Stella Beavan found two in her trap at Zeal Monachorum.
Just goes to show that there are great rewards for those who keep recording moths through the colder months of the year.
Small Eggar is a scarcely seen moth in Devon. The adult moths fly in late winter, a time of year when moth recorders tend not to be out and about. However, the colourful caterpillars live in groups and construct a characteristic silken ‘tent’ in hedgerows in spring and summer, and are more easily recorded. Nevertheless, we rarely receive more than a couple of records of this species each year.
Last weekend, David and Sue Mentz spotted a Small Eggar nest and caterpillars about 2m up in a hedge near Ide, on the outskirts of Exeter. One of their images is shown below.
If you spot Small Eggar caterpillars, please let us know, but be aware that there are other moth caterpillars that live in silken nests (e.g. Lackey), so photographs of the caterpillars would be very useful to confirm your sighting.
The Small Eggar is a moth that appears to have declined greatly in Devon, and nationally, over recent decades. In the past three years, only four records of the species have been submitted to Devon Moth Group.
It was good news therefore, last week, when Mike Finn reported finding and photographing a larval nest of Small Eggar caterpillars near Sidmouth. (click on photos below for larger images)
Small Eggar moths fly very early in the year, typically between January and March, and are rarely seen or recorded. The distinctive caterpillars and their communal nest are much more easily spotted, usually in hedgerows or scrub, during spring and summer.