Moth Night, the UK’s annual celebration of moths and moth recording, takes place on the nights of Thursday 26th – Saturday 28th September 2019. People in Devon and across the country are being asked to keep a particular eye out for the spectacular Clifden Nonpareil, a.k.a. Blue Underwing, which has recolonised southern Britain recently after going extinct in the 1960s.
In the last two years, this impressive moth, with a 12cm wingspan and bright blue stripe on its black hindwings, has been spotted across Devon during September, so Moth Night 2019 is the prefect opportunity to try to find one.
Devon Moth Group is holding a public event at Meeth Quarry Devon Wildlife Trust reserve on Friday night with hopes of seeing this special species.
This is the 20th anniversary of Moth Night so organisers Atropos, Butterfly Conservation and the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology hope that it will be the biggest yet. You can take part by attending an event, running a moth trap at home or, even better, in a new location or by searching for moths using a torch, ivy blossom or ‘sugar’ (more information on how to find moths). Please submit any moth sightings from the three nights (26-28 September), whether from your garden or further afield, via the Moth Night website. Good luck!
Moth Night, the annual celebration of moths and moth recording, has come around again and takes place on the three days and nights of 14 – 16 June 2018.
The UK-wide event, organised by Atropos, Butterfly Conservation and the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, will focus on pyralid moths (the families Pyralidae and Crambidae), the first time that micro-moths have been the official theme of Moth Night in its 20-year existence.
Over the past 30 years, some 28 new species of pyralid have been recorded in Britain, some the result of natural migration, others accidentally imported e.g. with plants for the horticultural trade. Eight of these have already become established in Britain, including Evergestis limbata, which has colonised parts of Devon. First recorded in Britain in 1994 on the Isle of Wight, the first Devon record was in 2004 in Kingsteignton. Since then, this pretty yellow and brown moth has been found all along the Teign Estuary from Teignmouth and Shaldon to Kingsteignton, as well as at Exmouth and around Newton Abbot. How much further has it got? Keep a look out for it for Moth Night and submit any sightings at www.mothnight.info
Evergestis limbata (Les Evans-Hill)
Aside from new species, there are plenty of native pyralid moths to look out for in Devon this week. These include the Mint Moth Pyrausta aurata, a little purple and gold jewel of an insect found fluttering in the daytime in herb patches and flowerbeds, the distinctive, black and white spotted Small Magpie Anania hortulata and common immigrants such as the Rusty-dot Pearl Udea ferrugalis.
Mint Moth (Patrick Clement)
Small Magpie (Iain Leach)
Moth Night activities don’t have to focus on pyralids, of course. There are hundreds of different moth species on the wing in Devon at this time of year and records of any and all of them seen on the three days and nights of Moth Night 2018 are very welcome.
Why not take the opportunity to get out and record moths somewhere new, or introduce family or friends to the wonders of moths? On the Friday night or Saturday morning, you are very welcome to attend the Devon Moth Group field meeting at the Norman Lockyear Observatory near Sidmouth (see Events).
Please submit all your sightings via the online recording form on the Moth Night website, so that we can build up a picture of all the activity and records during the event (all records are subsequently passed on to County Moth Recorders).
Devon Moth Group’s first field meeting of 2017 takes place on Saturday evening (20th May) at Blackberry Camp. Moth traps will be run from dusk onwards to find out which moth species live at this wooded Iron Age hill fort located between Honiton and Sidmouth. Group members and members of the public are equally welcome. Full details of this event and others arranged for this summer and autumn can be found on the Events page.
The programme of Devon Moth Group field meetings for 2017 has been published. Full details of the seven confirmed meetings can be found on the Events page.
The field meetings enable Group members to record moths in new locations and prime wildlife habitats across the county, from Blackberry Camp hill fort near Sidmouth to Dunsdon nature reserve near Bude and Wembury Point near Plymouth. This adds to our knowledge of moth distributions across the county and ultimately contributes to their conservation.
The events also provide fantastic opportunities for people new to moths and moth recording to see a wide variety of these amazing creatures in the company of friendly experts. Most of the events take place at night, but some are morning sessions viewing moths caught the night before.
Members of Devon Moth Group during a moth trapping evening.
This year’s Moth Night celebrations take place on Thursday, Friday and Saturday this week (10-12 September), coinciding with the annual autumn arrival of immigrant moths. Across Devon and the rest of the UK, moth-traps, wines ropes and bedding plants will be deployed by thousands of people keen to see the amazing variety of moths that visit our shores or live year-round in our gardens and countryside.
For some, the focus will be on rare immigrant moths, such as the Golden Twin-spot and Clifden Nonpareil, borne in from hotter parts of Europe and even Africa on warm winds. Immigrant moths will come to moth-traps, but can also be attracted using wine ropes or ‘sugar’ bait, which provide a cheap, simple alternative. And, if you are not lucky enough to spot a rare migrant, spectacular local moths, such as Red Underwing and Old Lady, are also fond of these baits.
The Convolvulus Hawk-moth, on the other hand, has a particular penchant for Nicotiana flowers. Ahead of Moth Night 2015, some moth recorders have stocked their flower beds with Nicotiana ‘Sensation Mixed’, hoping to tempt this mighty migrant to their patch. With its 12cm wingspan, the Convolvulus Hawk-moth is one of the largest moths seen in Britain, yet it is capable of pin-point precision flight as it hovers to drink nectar from the deep Nicotiana flowers using its amazingly long proboscis. There have been lots of Convolvulous Hawk-moth sightings in recent weeks across the South West and right up into Scotland.
Aside from immigrants, there are many stunning autumn moths to admire at Moth Night public events or to search for yourself. Some are beautifully coloured with yellows, oranges and pinks to blend in with autumn leaves. Whatever you find, please log all your Moth Night sightings so that your records can increase our knowledge, inform moth conservation and be shared with County Recorders.
Please also keep your eyes peeled for moths marked with a dab of coloured paint on the wing. These are part of a Moth Night experiment to learn more about how far moths travel. In the days leading up to this year’s event, moths will be marked harmlessly at designated locations, in the hope that some will be caught by recorders taking part in Moth Night. If you find a marked moth, please photograph it and contact the Moth Night website or phone 01326 290287.
Of course you don’t have to do any of these things! Moth Night is what you choose to make it; a perfect excuse to go out and record moths somewhere new, perhaps filling a gap for the forthcoming national moth atlas, or organise an event to introduce people to moths for the first time. Devon Moth Group has two official Moth Night events, both at south coast locations where the chance of seeing exciting migrants is greatest, so why not come along (details of Devon events).
Moth Night is organised by Atropos and Butterfly Conservation, in association with the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, and an array of prizes are awarded for particularly unusual sightings. Further information about how to take part, public events, bait recipes and more can be found at on the Moth Night website.
An extremely rare migrant moth, the Ringed Border, was discovered by Devon Moth Group members at our field meeting at Parke near Bovey Tracey on Friday night. This is the first time the moth has ever been seen in Devon and possibly only the third ever sighting for mainland Britain.
Although there have been a number of common immigrant moths arriving into Devon during the recent spell of hot weather, the stunned moth recorders, led by former Devon County Moth Recorder Roy McCormick and National Trust ranger Fred Hutt, could hardly believe their eyes when the moth was spotted at the light traps just after midnight. The only previous British sightings were of one in Somerset in 2009 and one in Hampshire in 2010. The amazing find just proves that you never know what you’ll find in your moth trap!
Moth Night is the national celebration of moths and moth recording that takes place over three days and nights each year. It’s the perfect excuse to do something special, whether that is recording moths in a new location or organising an event for family, friends or the general public.
This year’s event takes place on Thursday 3rd – Saturday 5th July and the suggested theme is woodland moths. Woodland is the richest habitat for moths, harbouring two thirds of the UK’s larger moths and supporting many rare and specialist species. However, many Devon woods have never been surveyed for moths and this vital habitat faces mounting pressure from urban development, changing management and the arrival of a succession of potentially devastating tree diseases (most recently Ash Dieback).
Moth Night 2014 is a chance to go out into the woods (with permission of course) and record the dazzling diversity of moths that occur there in mid-summer. You don’t have to focus on woodland, though; Moth Night is what you chose to make it. Wherever you record moths for Moth Night 2014, as well as enjoying the spectacle, please submit your moth records via the easy-to-use online recording system at www.mothnight.info – that way you’ll be contributing to improved knowledge of moth distributions and, ultimately, to their conservation. All records will be passed back to the County Recorder too.
There are many public events taking place accross Britain to mark Moth Night and to give people a first hand experience of our marvellous moths. Devon Moth Group is running two such events, at Halsdon nature reserve on Thursday night (3rd July) and at Becky Falls on Saturday night (5th July).
More information about Moth Night, including public events that are taking place this year, can be found at www.mothnight.info
The Devon Moth Night event at the National Trust’s Parke Estate in Bovey Tracey on Friday 21 June was blessed with reasonable weather and a bumper crop of moths.
So far, 2013 has been characterised by pretty poor night-time conditions and moth populations seem to be at a very low ebb, perhaps due to the washout weather of 2012. Hopes were not very high, therefore, as a dozen of us met Fred Hutt, the National Trust Ranger for Parke, for our second field event of the season.
However, we needn’t have worried. Traps were set in a sheltered woodland on a hillside and almost at once the moths started to arrive. Roy McCormick, leading the event, was kept busy as new species were rapidly added to the list. Those fairly new to moth recording were thrilled to see lots of colourful species, including Lime (image below), Poplar and Elephant Hawk-moths, Buff-tip, Green Arches, Lobster Moth and other ‘crowd pleasers’. The more experienced members weren’t missing out either, with Ruddy Carpet, Beautiful Carpet, Poplar grey and the spectacular micro-moth Schiffermuellerina grandis.
Lime Hawk-moth (Dave Green)
In all 89 species were recorded in a few hours before the rain really set in and we packed up for the night.